Science of Reading and Literacy Centers Part 2

Welcome to part 2 of The Science of Reading and Literacy Centers!

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If you missed the first post on the Science of Reading, click here to catch up!  In today’s post we’ll look at some simple changes you can make in your classroom to teach small groups with a Science of Reading focus while simultaneously fostering independence in your students.  For more information on how to implement structure and excellent classroom management strategies in your classroom I highly recommend *The Daily Five and *The First Six Weeks of School.

One thing I want to make clear is that neither of these books are curriculum. What they do offer are management strategies that will significantly impact your classroom for the better.

Building Independence in Your Classroom

Here are a few key points to keep in mind as we discuss literacy centers:

  • Explicitly teach everything.
  • Set clear expectations for routines, procedures, behavior, and academics.
  • Build community, respect, and trust.
  • Believe that your students are capable.
  • Help students build stamina.
  • There is power in choice.

Structuring Center Time

The Daily Five offers a wonderful framework to help structure your literacy center block.  I will briefly review the framework and some key ideas from this book, BUT I will also say that I do not use each of these activities or routines as they are suggested in the book.  My process is slightly different and I’ll share that near the end of the post.  These ideas and concepts, however, are a great place to start when using literacy centers and aligning them to the Science of Reading.

In this book it is suggested to have five different categories of activities from which students may choose when working independently.  These tasks stay consistent throughout the year.  Basically this means the students will complete the same activities under each overarching area, but with more rigorous skills as the students progress throughout the year.  Each activity is differentiated for every level of student.

For each activity:

  • students are explicitly taught the expectations.
  • a list of expectations is posted in the classroom for students to reference.

Some ideas for expectations include:

  • Gather all materials.
  • Choose a seat.
  • Work quietly the whole time (i.e. using a whisper voice).
  • Stay on task  (This requires teaching students how to build stamina and persevere.)
  • Complete one task before moving to the next task.
  • Clean up and put away all materials before moving to the next activity.

Daily Five Expectations and Procedures

 

Overarching Areas (Each activity in The Daily Five will fall under one of these areas):

  • Read to Self: Reading a good-fit book (books stored in a book box or bag)
    I-PICK books- I choose a book.
    Purpose- Why do I want to read it?
    Interest- Does the book interest me?
    Comprehension-Am I understanding what I am reading?
    Know- Do I know most of the words?
  • Work on Writing: Writing notebooks, writing journals
  • Read to Someone: Read to a partner, check for understanding
  • Word Work: Word patterns, word families, (using stamps, markers, magnetic letters, etc.)
  • Listen to Reading: Listening center

After teaching procedures for each activity and students have built their stamina such that they can stay on task for extended periods of time, it’s time to start centers.

During centers students will complete the activities in any order they choose. Students will have a choice over which activity they start first, second, etc. and teachers will track / monitor activities to increase accountability.  Additionally, students choose the books they read, the activities and materials that best meet their goals, choose a place to sit, choose listen center books, and choose the writing genre and topics they write about.

The key to implementing these strategies is the explicit teaching (teach, model, practice) of each procedure and routine, building students’ stamina so that they can be successful for sustained periods of time, monitoring students, and meeting as a whole group to discuss building stamina.

For a deep dive into The Daily Five, I recommend visiting The Daily Five Website and purchasing The Daily Five Book.

How I Structure My Center Time

First off, I do set up activities and follow the explicit teaching of each activity and building stamina that is suggested in The Daily Five.  However I use a Must Do / May Do list on the board for students so they know what activities are set up for the day. I change out the activities depending upon the phonics, reading, or writing standard we are practicing, but I make sure they are all activities I have already taught and students are successful with independently.

Classroom Expectations

 

My Must Do/ May Do activities fall under these categories:

  • Word Work: This is the the category that will focus on the Science of Reading activities.  I recommend creating activities based on phonics, phonemic awareness, onset/rime, syllables, blending, phonological awareness, orthographic mapping, phoneme-grapheme mapping, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension.These are only a few ideas you might find in a typical word work center: Stamp a Word, Word/Picture Sorts, Phonics Fluency Strips, Phoneme Addition, Deletion, and Substitution, Rainbow Writing, Magnetic Letters, Roll and Read (Fluency) and a variety of other activities.

 

To purchase some Science of Reading activities I use, click the links below.

Science of Reading Word Work Activities

 

  • Silent Reading: Students have book baskets. I choose books for them based on their foundational skills (based on information from DIBELS).  I also allow students to choose picture books, even if they are unable to read them independently. This might not “align” with the Science of Reading, but it is very important for students to be able to look at picture books to build their interest in reading. In the book baskets students have a maximum of 10 books at one time.  I use these awesome book baskets from Target. They usually have these in their dollar spot section in June / July right before the official Back to School season starts.

Book Basket from Target

  • Listening Center: Students listen to a book at the listening center and complete a comprehension activity about the book.

 

  • Writing: Students write a personal narrative, opinion writing, or informational text- sometimes they choose topics, sometimes I assign them based on our units of study.

First Grade Writing

  • Curriculum (Phonics / Reading / Comprehension): I also assign various pieces of our curriculum for students to complete, typically as a Must Do activity.

While students are working on their Must Do / May Do list, I am pulling small groups for direct instruction, remediation, and practice with foundational reading standards. We use a variety of strategies including Elkonin Sound Boxes.  Students in my small group also read our core curriculum decodables so that they may practice and apply what they have learned.

 

Implementing this structure in my classroom has transformed the way my classroom runs. My students start building independence and responsibility within just a few weeks.  In my next post, I’ll break down my activities in more detail. Stay tuned!


Simple Secrets to Classroom Management

A few years ago the perfect storm hit: a difficult class, ineffective classroom management strategies, and some family tragedy all intertwined.  My life was utter chaos.  I felt like an ineffective teacher, I felt all alone, and felt like I had no clue what I was doing. If you have “been there” and “done that”, I would like to encourage you that you are not alone and things will get better.

After spending some time reflecting, I picked myself up off the floor and realized I needed to change some key management strategies in my classroom in order to maintain my sanity, keep my students from running amok, and get things running smoothly in my classroom.

Secret #1 Find a Management System That Works for You

Here is a newsflash for you: just because everyone else is using a management system does not mean it is the right system for you. Did you hear that? I am giving you permission to NOT jump on the latest bandwagon! Be proud of yourself for what you do and what makes YOU unique. Do not feel pressured or believe the lie that you are not good enough because you choose to do something different.

There are some truly great classroom management ideas out there.  Other teachers on campus might use different reward systems like brag tags, or maybe they have behavior charts, posters, treasure boxes, use Responsive Classroom techniques, Whole Brain Teaching, Daily Five , or flexible seating as part of their classroom structure and management.

Think about what kind of a teacher you are.  What will fit with your personality? Do you want a system that is very easy to implement or are you wanting to set up a more complex system?

I tend to like systems that are easy and do not take a lot of prep time; that’s just my personal preference.  Therefore, I chose this year to do away with brag tags. I cannot handle the constant printing, cutting, laminating, hole punching, and constantly handing out that goes along with brag tags. Since I do not always have a lot of volunteers, I do not want to tie myself up with hours and hours of extra prep each week.

At the end of the day you need to be comfortable using the system you set up and handling everything that comes along with it.  Research a few systems and think critically about what each offers before you jump right in.

https://www.melicetyspring.com/reward-board-classroom-reward-system/

Secret #2 Explicitly teach rules, routines, and procedures.


Once you have identified the management strategies you would like it is time to teach the students how to follow the rules and “live” in the classroom.  You will need to teach them how to get supplies, walk through the hallways, what to do when they need something, etc.

One thing I did this year is create a list of literally everything I thought the students might need to know and printed it out so I could make sure to not miss anything. This will take some time and it may take the students a month or so to settle in.  However, the benefits will last the entire year!

Thanks to my list, it was literally one of the smoothest starts I have ever had at the beginning of the year.  I will preface that with the fact that this will work even if your class is not especially easy; it is all in the management!

If you need a quick, easy, and FREE list of beginning of the year procedures and routines, please check it out below.  This should at least give you some ideas to get you started on what routines you might need to teach to your students.

Classroom Procedures and Routines

Secret #3  Be Consistent and Follow Up

After you teach the routines and procedures you will need to reinforce them with encouragement and specific praise.

Enforce your policies and procedures fairly and firmly. You do not need to scream, yell, or be mean, but you do need to make sure that students follow the rules and the systems you have in place.  Do not be afraid to repeat instructions, go over rules and procedures, or have the students stop what they are doing for just a minute to review.

Wash, rinse, repeat! Teach the skills, give them time to practice those skills, and repeat instruction / review the skills as needed. Do not give up on any student and be patient.

Even if you are in the middle of the year it’s okay to stop and restart. It is never too late to change.

Make sure to grab my freebie, Classroom Routines and Procedures which is available in my TPT shop.


Reward Board Classroom Reward System

I have tried many different reward systems in my classroom and most recently tried brag tags.  I love brag tags and so do my students, but I needed something that was just as effective and didn’t require using so much ink all year long and so much prep through printing, cutting, laminating, and hole punching. I like to keep things simple!

So I developed something I call the Reward Board.  This is similar to using reward coupons for students, but in a bulletin board format.  The benefit of using this system is that I do not have to make multiple copies and pass them out. I just print off the posters, put them up and let students select the reward they would like from the current choices available.

The Reward Board posters include classroom-based rewards that students can earn! I currently have created 18 different rewards that students can select from, but I only post seven at a time. I will switch out one or two rewards per month so students have something new and exciting to choose from.

Here is how the system works:

1. Print the posters you would like to use. I recommend using a small number to start so students are not overwhelmed with too many choices.

2. Post them on the bulletin board (you may decide to use library pockets as shown in the picture or you may choose to create a clip chart instead and students can use clips to select their reward) and number sticks to match the number of students (or write the names of students) in your class.  If you want to use clips instead you may number or write names on those.

3. When a student earns a reward have them move their stick (or clip) to the reward (pocket) they would like.

4. You choose the frequency rewards are handed out! It could be immediately, daily, or weekly.

5. I change out posters about once a month and keep up the more popular posters for students to choose from.

You may check out this Reward Board Set here.